The Number – Cypriniformes
Family – Priniv
The genus/Species – Serrasalmus nattereri
Length: average 20 cm, in some species up to 50 cm.
Mass rarely exceeding 1.5 kg.
Caviar: a few thousand eggs.
The incubation period is 10-15 days, depending on water temperature.
Habits: constant float huge flocks.
Food: primarily fish; attack mammals, floating or come to the waterhole, and birds.
18 known species of piranhas, 4 of which are dangerous to humans, although fatal cases have been identified. Continue reading
Marine aquariums can be divided into several types, depending on the animals that inhabit coral reef, fish, mixed and thematic.
Of course, the most memorable and prestigious, but at the same time, the most difficult to maintain coral reef .
The reef can be represented by soft or hard corals. In addition corals in the reef there are sea anemones, anemones, and many other subjects, including it might as well be fish, but usually small, inconspicuous and completely in a small amount.
Under natural conditions, the corals are in perfectly clean water, so we need to take seriously the issue of water quality, to reproduce and maintain the same properties of the built environment in a marine aquarium. In addition to special complex filtering system, the so-called “living stones” perfectly fulfill the role of water purification, both as a design element and substrate for corals. Another important focus in the marine aquarium – quality and correctly chosen spectrum lighting. Continue reading
Most fish lay eggs, and it is fertilized outside of their body. Fish that spawn, are called oviparous. But some fish give birth to live fry. Such fish are called viviparous.
To live-bearing are guppies, sword fish. The eggs of these fish are fertilized inside the mother’s body and develop there until the fry. At a certain time they are born. This happens 21 days after fertilization.
The number of eggs, fertilized and deferred, differs greatly depending on the type of fish. Some fish lay eggs and abandon her, without showing her any more interest. This is a fish that produce huge amounts of eggs. Those fish that look after their young, they lay only a few eggs.
Caviar can be of two types. One kind of eggs floats on the water surface, the other sinking. The caviar, which floats, is called pelagic. It is usually tiny, bright and contains a lot of protein. Caviar, which is sinking, is called Donna. It is usually harder and more protein in it. Continue reading