Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) is a fish of flatfish family.
Flounder is a common name for several species of marine flat fish. Different from other fish very flattened body and location of the eye on one side. Lives on the seabed, some go in the river.
Flounder has oval body, length 25-40cm, small and smooth scales, a crest of bone mounds (mounds 4 to 7) from the eye to the beginning of the lateral line. Eyes often located on the right side. The dorsal fin begins over upper eye. Color: ocular side brown, with reddish or yellow-orange spot in adults, often with light edging; blind side is white, sometimes with dark spots.
Found in the North-East Atlantic, from the White sea to South Portugal, the North sea; the Western Mediterranean sea. Most often over sandy bottom, in the North-East Atlantic from the coastal zone up to 200 m in the Western part of the Mediterranean sea up to 400 m depth. In the sea of Japan (Tatar Strait, between the Gulf of DeKastri and G. Alexander). Also penetrates into brackish water estuaries and lagoons in search of food. Continue reading
Hundreds of thousands of years ago, long before the appearance on Earth of man, the oceans already swam fish. At that time they were the most highly developed creatures.
Since then, they began to develop a variety of ways so that now only some species only vaguely resemble the first primitive ocean fishes.
As a rule, fish has an elongated and tapering shape. People have copied it in the construction of ships and submarines, as it is the best adapted to movement in water.
Most fish use their tail as a motor. With the help of fins and they control their movements. Except for one species of fish, all the others breathe by means of gills. Fish swallows mouth water that passes through the gills and out through the hole. Water also contains oxygen, and it through the gills into the blood of fish, as the air through the lungs in the blood of man. Continue reading
Watching fish in an aquarium, you’d think they never rest or sleep. In the understanding of man, they are in constant motion. However, like all animals, fish periods of active behavior alternate with phases of slowing of physical functions – this is the dream fish.
Dream fish is different from our understanding of sleep. Structural features and habitat not allow the fish to fall into a state in which they would be completely disconnected from reality. In such a state is immersed most mammals during sleep. The fish also during sleep, the brain activity remains unchanged, – they are not able to fall into a state of deep sleep.
This feature and may cause the issue: how do aquarium fish sleep?
Studying the behavior of aquarium fish, you will notice that at certain times the fish are almost motionless, transfixed in the water. This is the sleeping fish. During sleep, the fish usually drift without active movement. But the slightest influence of external factors leads fish into an active state. Continue reading