Marine aquariums can be divided into several types, depending on the animals that inhabit coral reef, fish, mixed and thematic.
Of course, the most memorable and prestigious, but at the same time, the most difficult to maintain coral reef .
The reef can be represented by soft or hard corals. In addition corals in the reef there are sea anemones, anemones, and many other subjects, including it might as well be fish, but usually small, inconspicuous and completely in a small amount.
Under natural conditions, the corals are in perfectly clean water, so we need to take seriously the issue of water quality, to reproduce and maintain the same properties of the built environment in a marine aquarium. In addition to special complex filtering system, the so-called “living stones” perfectly fulfill the role of water purification, both as a design element and substrate for corals. Another important focus in the marine aquarium – quality and correctly chosen spectrum lighting. Continue reading
Most fish lay eggs, and it is fertilized outside of their body. Fish that spawn, are called oviparous. But some fish give birth to live fry. Such fish are called viviparous.
To live-bearing are guppies, sword fish. The eggs of these fish are fertilized inside the mother’s body and develop there until the fry. At a certain time they are born. This happens 21 days after fertilization.
The number of eggs, fertilized and deferred, differs greatly depending on the type of fish. Some fish lay eggs and abandon her, without showing her any more interest. This is a fish that produce huge amounts of eggs. Those fish that look after their young, they lay only a few eggs.
Caviar can be of two types. One kind of eggs floats on the water surface, the other sinking. The caviar, which floats, is called pelagic. It is usually tiny, bright and contains a lot of protein. Caviar, which is sinking, is called Donna. It is usually harder and more protein in it. Continue reading
Sponges that are sold in stores and are used for washing dishes or cleaning the kitchen, not real. They are made from synthetic materials, although very similar to a real sponge and easy to use.
But these sponges appear in the sea, not in a chemical laboratory. For a long time many were convinced that they know all about sponges. It was believed that this plant, until in 1825 a man by the name of Robert Grant proved that sponges were animals!
It considered the sponge in water through a microscope. And saw trickles of water, which went in through one hole and out through another. Still, for many years, scientists did not know what kind of animal. Thought it was a tiny single-celled creatures that live together in one big colony.
We now know that sponges are the dried skeletons of marine animals belonging to the class of “porous”. This is a pretty significant group of animals. Although sponges are one of the lowest forms in the animal Kingdom, their structure is quite complicated. Continue reading