The Number – Cypriniformes
Family – Priniv
The genus/Species – Serrasalmus nattereri
Length: average 20 cm, in some species up to 50 cm.
Mass rarely exceeding 1.5 kg.
Caviar: a few thousand eggs.
The incubation period is 10-15 days, depending on water temperature.
Habits: constant float huge flocks.
Food: primarily fish; attack mammals, floating or come to the waterhole, and birds.
18 known species of piranhas, 4 of which are dangerous to humans, although fatal cases have been identified. Continue reading
Marine aquariums can be divided into several types, depending on the animals that inhabit coral reef, fish, mixed and thematic.
Of course, the most memorable and prestigious, but at the same time, the most difficult to maintain coral reef .
The reef can be represented by soft or hard corals. In addition corals in the reef there are sea anemones, anemones, and many other subjects, including it might as well be fish, but usually small, inconspicuous and completely in a small amount.
Under natural conditions, the corals are in perfectly clean water, so we need to take seriously the issue of water quality, to reproduce and maintain the same properties of the built environment in a marine aquarium. In addition to special complex filtering system, the so-called “living stones” perfectly fulfill the role of water purification, both as a design element and substrate for corals. Another important focus in the marine aquarium – quality and correctly chosen spectrum lighting. Continue reading
Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) is a fish of flatfish family.
Flounder is a common name for several species of marine flat fish. Different from other fish very flattened body and location of the eye on one side. Lives on the seabed, some go in the river.
Flounder has oval body, length 25-40cm, small and smooth scales, a crest of bone mounds (mounds 4 to 7) from the eye to the beginning of the lateral line. Eyes often located on the right side. The dorsal fin begins over upper eye. Color: ocular side brown, with reddish or yellow-orange spot in adults, often with light edging; blind side is white, sometimes with dark spots.
Found in the North-East Atlantic, from the White sea to South Portugal, the North sea; the Western Mediterranean sea. Most often over sandy bottom, in the North-East Atlantic from the coastal zone up to 200 m in the Western part of the Mediterranean sea up to 400 m depth. In the sea of Japan (Tatar Strait, between the Gulf of DeKastri and G. Alexander). Also penetrates into brackish water estuaries and lagoons in search of food. Continue reading