Scorbanova Family (Scorpaenidae)
Representatives of the family Scorpaenidae are widely distributed throughout the tropical seas and temperate. Several species also occurs in Arctic waters. Many scorbanova reach large sizes and are considered commercially important fish; others are comparatively small and have no commercial value. Some species are very poisonous.
Toxic scorbanova by the structure of the poisonous bodies are divided into three main groups: 1) lionfish, 2) marine rockfish and Scorpion fish, 3) porcacchi.
Lionfish are one of the most bizarre and beautiful fish of the coral reefs. Usually they stay in the shallow water, hovering in the cleft of the reef, or swim happily in the open field, spreading fan-like pectoral and dorsal fin tape. They often swim in pairs. Apparently, they are not afraid of humans, but if you resist the temptation to reach out and grab one of these fish, then, will feel severe pain because “tapes” hidden sharp needle like fin spines. The fearlessness of lionfish makes it especially dangerous to all working in shallow waters near coral reefs where it lives.
Members of the genus Scorpaena most often live in shallow waters and stay close to the bottom, found in bays, near beaches, rocky shores and coral reefs from tidal wetlands-tidal zone to depths of 100 m. They are difficult to spot due to the fact that they usually hide themselves in the clefts of the rocks, among debris, under rocks or in the algae and have a protective coloration that allows them to almost completely blend in with the environment. If the Scorpion to pull out of the water, she takes a defensive posture, raising the spines of the dorsal fin, ratopariva armed with spines Gill covers, pectoral, ventral and anal fins. The pectoral fins, although seem to be dangerous, do not have thorns.
Porcacchi mostly inhabit shallow waters, they are typically found in pools in the littoral and among the reefs. Synanceja often lie motionless in the crevices of coral reefs, under rocks, in caves or burrow into sand or silt. They do not show fear if someone inadvertently interferes in their possession, and don’t pay the stranger any attention.
Lionfish (Pterois volitans). Lives in the Red sea, the Indian ocean, in the waters of China, Japan, Australia, Meylan. The lionfish (Pterois) is a venomous apparatus consists of 13 dorsal, 3 anal, 2 pectoral spines and associated venom gland. Spikes mostly long, straight, thin and hidden in the delicate ribbon-like fins. On the front surface of each of the stud are exposed from both sides of the deep glandular groove running along the entire length of the beam. In these grooves are poisonous glands, covered with a thin layer of skin – tissue sheath
Lionfish (Pterois volitans), Photos photography picture fish
Lionfish (Pterois volitans)
Sea ruffs. The sea ruffs, or the bet, the number of dorsal spines varies, often their is 12, 3 anal and 2 chest of thorn; there are poisonous glands. Spikes shorter and heavier than the lionfish. Furrows, which are poisonous glands are located in the distal part of the tongue and is two-thirds of its length. Embodying their fabric shell of moderate thickness. Porcacchi. Poisonous machine Bogachek (Synanceja) usually consists of 13 dorsal and 13 anal, 2 pectoral spines and associated venom gland. These fish have short, stout spines and poisonous glands much enlarged, are covered with very thick layer of warty skin. Bugorkami especially dangerous due to the fact that it can not to notice: she is like a big ball of mud or stone chip. The spikes are hard to detect because they are almost completely hidden under the skin
Medical aspects. Symptoms of poisoning caused by injections of different species of scorpaenidae, essentially the same they differ only in degree of manifestation: the Pain is usually described as occurring immediately, a strong, sharp, shooting, or jerking; it extends from the affected areas. The skin around the wound turns white, and then blue. The pain caused by injections most scorpaenidae, usually lasts only a few hours, but the wounds of bugorkami, extremely painful and the pain does not stop for several days. Sometimes it is so severe that the victim rushes about wildly, screaming and finally loses consciousness. The skin around the wound gradually becomes cyanotic, surrounded by an inflamed area. Later, near the site of injury may be retraction of tissues.
If the injection caused by bugorkami, numbs the wound and to the skin of the affected limb painful to touch. In some cases, there is complete paralysis of the limbs. All the affected body part may swell, often the tumor is so large that hinders movement. Other possible symptoms: heart failure, delirium, convulsions, various nervous disorders, nausea, vomiting, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, fever: respiratory distress, convulsions. Death can occur. For full vyzdorovlenie after a strong shot by porcacchi (Syrian ceja) sometimes it takes a few months: this shot may adversely affect the General health of the victim,
Warning. Marks lionfish usually affects people who are attracted by their slow movements and is similar to the ribbon fins, are trying to catch these fish by hand. Marine ruffs are pricks for the most part when they are removed from the hook or removed from the network. Porcacchi especially dangerous because they are difficult to spot. Have to be careful if you have to stick your hand in crevices and caves. It is very important to have an idea about the habits and appearance of these fish.