The denizens of the deep
Fish-LiveDrive our rating of the most unusual inhabitants of the deep and dangerous at the same time, amazing lionfish, also known as striped lionfish, or Zebra fish. This lovely creation is long about 30 inches most of the time among the corals in a stationary state, and only from time to time, swims from one place to another. Thanks to the beautiful and unusual color, and long fan-like pectoral and dorsal fins of this fish attracts attention, both people and marine life.
However, for beauty of coloring and shape of her fin and hidden sharp poisonous needles, which it protects itself from enemies. The lionfish does not attack first, but if a person accidentally touches it or steps on it, from one injection that needle he has dramatically worse health. If there will be several injections, the person will need outside help, to swim to shore, because the pain can become unbearable and lead to loss of consciousness.
Marine concato small marine teleost fish of the family of marine needles of the needle-like detachment. Seahorses have a sedentary lifestyle, they are attached flexible tails to the stalks of plants, and because of the numerous spines, spines on the body and iridescent colour — fully merge with the background. So they are protected from predators and camouflaged while hunting for food. Skates feed on small crustaceans and shrimp. Tubular snout acts as a pipette — extraction is drawn into the mouth along with water.
The body of seahorses in the water is non-traditional fish vertically, or diagonally. The reason for this is relatively large swim bladder, most of which is located in the upper part of the body of a sea horse. The difference seahorses from other types is that their offspring carrying the male. On his stomach he has a special brood chamber in the form of the bag, which plays the role of the uterus. Seahorses are very prolific animals, and the number hatched in the bag the male germ varies from 2 to several thousand pieces. Birth males are often painful and can result in death.
13. Leafy sea dragon
Leafy sea dragonator representative of the deep is a relative of the previous member of the list – seahorse. Leafy sea dragon, the rag-picker or the sea Pegasus – this is an unusual fish, so named for its fantastic views is delicate translucent greenish fins covered his body and constantly swaying in the water movement. While these processes and similar to the fins in swimming they do not participate, and serve only to disguise. The length of this creature reaches 35 inches, and it dwells only in one place — at the southern coast of Australia. The rag-picker floats slowly, its maximum speed reaches 150 km/h. Also like seahorses, the males bear offspring in a special bag, produced during spawning along the lower surface of the tail. The female lays eggs in the bag and all the care of posterity falls on the dad.
12. The frilled shark
The frilled shark the Frilled shark is a shark that looks much more like a strange sea snake or eel. From the Jurassic period, the frilled shark has not changed for millions of years of existence. Its name it received for the presence of the body of education brown that have similarities with Cape. It is also called the frilled shark because of the numerous folds of skin on the body. These kind of creases on her skin, according to scientists, is the reserve volume of the body for placement in the stomach of large prey.
Because the frilled shark swallows its prey, mainly, as a whole, as needle-like, curved inside the mouth of the tip of her teeth not able to crush and grind food. The frilled shark lives in the bottom layer water of all oceans, except the Arctic ocean, at a depth of 400-1200 meters, is a typical deep-sea predator. The frilled shark can reach 2 meters in length, but the usual size is less than — 1.5 meters for females and 1.3 meters for males. This species lays eggs: the female brings 3-12 pups. The bearing of the embryos can last up to two years.
11. The Japanese spider crab
Japanese crab-pauketat species of crustaceans of the infraorder crabs — one of the largest representatives of arthropods: large specimens are up to 20 kilos, 45 centimetres of carapace length and 4 m in the scope of the first pair of legs. Lives mainly in the Pacific ocean off the coast of Japan at a depth of from 50 to 300 meters. Feeds on shellfish and animal remains, presumably living up to 100 years. The survival rate for larvae is very small, so their females spawn more than 1.5 million In the process of evolution of the front two legs evolved into large claws that can reach a length of 40 centimeters. Despite this formidable weapon, the Japanese crab spider is not aggressive and has a calm nature. It is even used in aquariums as an ornamental animal.
10. Giant isopod
Isupdate large giant deep-sea crabs can grow over 50 cm in length. The largest registered instance has been weighing 1.7 kilograms and 76 centimeters in length. Their body is covered by rigid plates, which are gently combined with each other. This mount armor provides good mobility, so the giant isopod can curl into a ball when they feel the danger. Hard plate protect the body from cancer of deep-sea predators. Quite often they occur in English Blackpool, and in other places of the planet are not uncommon. These animals live at depths from 170 to 2 500 m. a Large part of the population prefers to keep at a depth of 360-750 meters.
They prefer to live on the bottom of the clay alone. Isopods are carnivorous, may hunt slow prey at the bottom of the sea cucumbers, sponges, and possibly for small fish. And do not disdain carrion, which is lowered to the seabed from the surface. Because of food like this great depth is not always enough, and to find her in the pitch dark is no easy task, isopods have adapted a long time to do without food. We know exactly what cancer is able to starve 8 weeks in a row.
9. Purple tremoctopus
Purple Purple tremoctopus tremoctopus or octopus the blanket octopus is very unusual. Although octopuses are strange creatures — they have three hearts, venomous saliva, the ability to change the color and texture of their skin, and their tentacles are able to perform certain actions without the instructions of the brain. However, purple tremoctopus the strangest of all. For starters, you can say that the female is 40,000 times heavier than the male! The male is only 2.4 cm in length and lives almost as plankton, while the female reaches 2 m in length. When the female is frightened, it can extend plesiopenaeus membrane, located between the tentacles, which visually increases its size and look makes it even more dangerous. It is also interesting that the octopus is blanket immune to poison jellyfish Portuguese ship; moreover, sometimes clever octopus tears off tentacles of jellyfish and uses them as a weapon.
Fish-kepleria-drop — deep-sea benthic fish of the family psychrolutidae, which because of its unattractive appearance is often described as the most feared fish on the planet. These fish supposedly live at depths of 600-1200 m off the coast of Australia and Tasmania, where it recently began to get to the surface the fishermen, why this species is endangered. Fish-drop consists of a gelatinous mass with a density slightly less than the density of the water. This allows the fish drop to swim in such depths, without spending a large amount.
The lack of muscle for this fish is not a problem. She swallows almost everything edible that floats in front of her, lazily opening her mouth. It feeds mainly on molluscs and crustaceans. Despite the fact that fish drop is not edible, it is under threat of extinction. Fishermen, in turn, sell the fish as a souvenir. Fish populations drop recovers slowly. For doubling the population of fish-drop requires from 4.5 to 14 years.
7. Sea urchin
Spiky sea urchins izhmorskiy is a very ancient animal of the class Echinodermata which inhabited the Earth for over 500 million years ago. At the moment there are about 940 species of modern sea urchins. The size of the body of sea urchin is from 2 to 30 cm and covered with rows of calcareous plates, which form a dense shell. The shape of the body of sea urchins are divided into correct and incorrect. Hedgehogs have the correct body shape is almost round. Irregular urchins body shape flattened, and they have distinct anterior and posterior ends of the body. With the shells of sea urchins movably connected needles of various lengths. Length varies from 2 millimeters to 30 centimeters. Needles are often sea urchins for movement, nutrition and protection.
Some species which are distributed mainly in tropical and subtropical areas of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic oceans, the poisonous needle. Sea urchins — bottom crawling or buried the animals, normally found at a depth of about 7 meters and widely distributed on coral reefs. Sometimes some individuals may crawl out on the sandy beaches. Correct sea urchins prefer rocky surfaces; wrong — the soft and sandy soil. Hedgehogs reach sexual maturity in their third year of life, and live for about 10-15 years, up to a maximum of 35.
Bolsherechenskomu inhabits the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans at depths of 500 to 3000 meters. Body bollerot long and narrow, resembles the eel 60 cm, sometimes 1 meter. The giant stretched mouth, resembling a bag of beak of a Pelican, has a second name – fish-Pelican. The length of the jaws is almost 1/3 of the total length of the body, the rest of the subtle body, passing in the tail thread on the end of which is a light organ. Bollerot have no scales, swim bladder, fins, anal fin and a complete bony skeleton.