Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) is a fish of flatfish family.
Flounder is a common name for several species of marine flat fish. Different from other fish very flattened body and location of the eye on one side. Lives on the seabed, some go in the river.
Flounder has oval body, length 25-40cm, small and smooth scales, a crest of bone mounds (mounds 4 to 7) from the eye to the beginning of the lateral line. Eyes often located on the right side. The dorsal fin begins over upper eye. Color: ocular side brown, with reddish or yellow-orange spot in adults, often with light edging; blind side is white, sometimes with dark spots.
Found in the North-East Atlantic, from the White sea to South Portugal, the North sea; the Western Mediterranean sea. Most often over sandy bottom, in the North-East Atlantic from the coastal zone up to 200 m in the Western part of the Mediterranean sea up to 400 m depth. In the sea of Japan (Tatar Strait, between the Gulf of DeKastri and G. Alexander). Also penetrates into brackish water estuaries and lagoons in search of food. Continue reading
Watching fish in an aquarium, you’d think they never rest or sleep. In the understanding of man, they are in constant motion. However, like all animals, fish periods of active behavior alternate with phases of slowing of physical functions – this is the dream fish.
Dream fish is different from our understanding of sleep. Structural features and habitat not allow the fish to fall into a state in which they would be completely disconnected from reality. In such a state is immersed most mammals during sleep. The fish also during sleep, the brain activity remains unchanged, – they are not able to fall into a state of deep sleep.
This feature and may cause the issue: how do aquarium fish sleep?
Studying the behavior of aquarium fish, you will notice that at certain times the fish are almost motionless, transfixed in the water. This is the sleeping fish. During sleep, the fish usually drift without active movement. But the slightest influence of external factors leads fish into an active state. Continue reading
Typical representatives of the nekton is the herring. It is well known that this fish has great commercial value. Until comparatively recently, it was promyshlyali in such large quantities that its price was very low, despite excellent taste and nutritional quality. In recent years, due to the sharp increase of the fishing fleet and introduction of intensive methods of production occurred overfishing. The number of herring in the oceans have decreased dramatically.
If in the future the intensity of the herring fishery will increase or even remain at current levels in the coming years, this valuable food fish will become a Museum rarity. Reduction of stocks of herring and concerned consumers and fishermen, but the first sounded the alarm scientists.
The appearance of the herring is well known to everyone, but it is unlikely that the layman can easily distinguish one kind of herring from another: the difference between them for the untrained eye to be insignificant. Species differences are not only in the details of the structure and the size of the fish, much deeper than they differ from each other in biology, numbers, distribution. Therefore, the fishery for mackerel fishes should be strictly subordinated to scientific data, to each type needs special approach. Continue reading